Amritsar, fondly named after Amrit Sarovar amidst which stands the Golden Temple, is the most revered city of Punjab. It was founded in the 16th century by Guru Ram Da Ji and has a rich history encircling the Golden Temple, the Ram Tirath, and most recently and evocatively, the Jallianwala Bagh. Amritsar’s economy is fueled by tourism, and manufacture of textiles (particularly shawls) and carpets. The city is famous for its dhabas (roadside eateries) that offer lip-smacking food, especially chola-bhaturas, kulchas, tandoori chicken, and fried fish. Amritsar is well connected to the National Capital Region and other major metropolitan cities by a network of national highways. Punjab Roadways runs economical and reliable bus services within the state, connecting Amritsar to other cities in Punjab, and also, to adjoining states in the North. Amritsar Junction Railway Station is just 2 km away from the city centre and is well-connected to a number of Indian cities. Sri Guru Ram Das Ji International Airport, which is 11 km from the city centre, operates flights to all major cities in the North. Amritsar sees a large influx of tourists and many hotels and resorts have come up to accommodate their large numbers. If you’re on a budget, you can choose from a number of comfortable two-star hotels in Amritsar. These hotels are usually small two to four storey buildings that are located near popular tourist attractions, major intersections and transportation hubs around the city. These hotels are clean and well maintained but don’t expect too many on-site amenities. Most 2-star hotels in Amritsar do not come with in-house restaurants but don't worry as they are close to a number of affordable, well-rated restaurants. Amritsar is home to many historical monuments, places of worship, old bazaars, and theatres, and hosts various colourful festivals throughout the year. Popular tourist attractions that you must visit are Golden Temple, Jallianwala Bagh, Attari Border, Baba Bakala, Durgiana Temple, Gobindgarh Fort, Maharaja Ranjit Singh Museum, Ram Tirath, Rambagh Palace, Partition Museum, and War Memorial.
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